RESEARCH PAPER
Effectiveness of injecting lower dose subcutaneous sterile water versus saline to relief labor back pain: Randomized controlled trial
Howieda Fouly 1  
,  
Ragaa Herdan 2,  
Dina Habib 3,  
 
 
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1
Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt
2
Anesthesia & Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Women’s health hospital, Assiut University, Egypt
3
Obstetrics& Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Women’s health hospital, Assiut University, Egypt
4
Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, USA
Publish date: 2018-03-14
Submission date: 2018-01-09
Final revision date: 2018-02-03
Acceptance date: 2018-02-26
 
Eur J Midwifery 2018;2(March):3
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a lower dose subcutaneous sterile water injection technique versus subcutaneous saline injection, on the relief of low-back pain for women during childbirth, and to explore the lasting effects of pain relief after administration (followed at 15, 30, 45, 90 and 120 minutes).

Methods:
A prospective randomized controlled single-blinded study was conducted, with trial registration (NCT02813330). Women received one-time injections (sterile water or saline) and the effectiveness was observed at 15, 30, 45, 90 and 120 minutes after the intervention.

Results:
The intervention group had statistically significant pain reduction. Assessment of subsequent pain, followed at 30, 45, 90 and 120 minutes, reflected an increasing change with a statistically significant difference. The intervention group had more burning sensations than the control group with a statistically significant difference.

Conclusions:
The modified technique of double injections of subcutaneous ‘water/ saline’ resulted in significant relief of low-back pain during childbirth.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Howieda Fouly   
PhD, MSN, RN Lecturer of Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt, Obstetric & Gynecology Dept.Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, 71111 Asyut, Egypt
 
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