Midwifery education landscape in Slovakia
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Faculty of Health Professions, University of Prešov, Prešov, Slovakia
Publication date: 2023-10-24
Eur J Midwifery 2023;7(Supplement 1):A222
The education of midwives in Slovakia has a long history, since the 17th century. University education began in 2000. In Slovakia, we have four faculties, that offer three years bachelor study program in the present form. The study program follows EU directives and ICM standards. After gaining the first level of a university degree in a bachelor study program, midwives can continue their education by completing the second level of university education (Master’s degree – Mgr.), or even the third level of doctoral study (PhD. study). Universities offer special courses for horizontal development for midwives. During the COVID pandemic, digital education, virtual patients, e-learning, and simulation as a didactic method were strongly introduced into the educational process. These methods are very popular with students. Some universities have problems to build simulation centers for financing. Despite the efforts of the Ministry of Health Care, Ministry of Education, and universities, in Slovakia we have a lack of midwives in the practice. Each year approximately 30 students graduate from the first level of higher education. The population of midwives in Slovakia is aging. In 2000 the average age of midwives was 40.9 and this increased by 6.4 by 2019 – reaching an average of 47.4. We see a lot of problems for stabilization midwives in Slovak healthcare facilities.
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