How the satisfaction in a partnership affects the fear of childbirth of Slovak pregnant women?
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Faculty of Health Care, University of Prešov, Slovakia
Publication date: 2023-10-24
Corresponding author
Lubica Rybarova   

Faculty of Health Care, University of Prešov, Slovakia
Eur J Midwifery 2023;7(Supplement 1):A59
In regard to the devastating effect of fear of childbirth (FOC) in women, it is essential to identify women with a severe fear of childbirth. The objective of the paper is to analyze how relationship satisfaction influences the intensity of fear of childbirth in nulliparous and multiparous pregnant Slovak women.

Material and Methods:
320 pregnant women (29,18; ± 4,44) in gestational week 19. - 25. and 35. - 41 participated in this research. 315 pregnant women were in partnership. Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire version A (W-DEQ – A) was used for quantifying the intensity of fear of childbirth (FOC). Women´s satisfaction with their partnership was evaluated by the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics methods and inductive statistics.

Primiparous had a slightly higher mean W-DEQ-A score (69.91; ± 15.56) than multiparous (67.83; ± 17.31; p=0,26). RAS in primiparous was higher (30,65; ± 4,2) than in multiparous (29,61; ±5,13). A significant weak negative correlation was found between intensity level FOC and satisfaction in a partnership (RAS) (-0,189; p = 0,001).

Satisfaction in a relationship influences FOC in Slovak women. The support of a partner is very important for a woman during pregnancy and childbirth.

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