Factors and causes of secondary post -traumatic stress disorder among pediatric health care providers
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Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Publication date: 2023-10-24
Corresponding author
Nikolaos Rigas   

Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
Eur J Midwifery 2023;7(Supplement 1):A124
Secondary traumatic stress (STS) is the emotional duress that results when an individual hears about the firsthand trauma experiences of another and its symptoms mimic those of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Pediatric health care providers working and experienced daily with children who suffering and come up against serious diseases and surgeries or even death develop symptoms of PTSD. They are having problems with their relationships, dissatisfaction with their general life and develop emotions like anxiety, depression and burnout syndrome. The aim of this study is to investigate the STS symptomatology between pediatric health care providers and extent to which parameters such as job, gender, department and other factors had an impact on their mental health status.

Material and Methods:
We searched all published papers, which were in English language and included in database as PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library from September to November 2022. From 748 papers we included 12 research articles that met the admission criteria.

According to our results the prevalence of secondary PTSD ranges from 13% to 94% and as factors contributing to the development of this emotional duress recognized the professional of nurse, the female gender, the department of intensive care units, the past traumatic life events, the burn out syndrome and the psychiatric history.

We came to the conclusion that health policy makers should take seriously into consideration the specificity in the working environment of the pediatric sectors especially the departments of emergency and intensive cares units.

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