Emergency cesarean section and mental health
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Department of Midwifery, University of Western Macedonia, Ptolemaida, Greece
Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Publication date: 2023-10-24
Corresponding author
Evangelia Antoniou   

Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
Eur J Midwifery 2023;7(Supplement 1):A45
Cesarean section can be a cause of the development of mental disorders, especially post-traumatic stress disorder or the profile of the disorder for a significant proportion of postpartum women. Despite the global increase in cesarean sections, there is a lack of adequate research on post-traumatic stress disorder after cesarean section, and often this condition is associated with other postpartum mental disorders, such as postpartum depression. The purpose of this research was to determine if there was a relationship between the type of cesarean section and post-traumatic stress disorder in postpartum women.

Material and Methods:
Our sample consisted of 162 women who underwent cesarean section at a public University Hospital in Greece and consented to participate in the study.

Results showed a high prevalence of postpartum PTSD (31.7%) and PTSD profile (14.3%) in women after emergency caesarean section with additional risk factors of preterm delivery, admission to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, lack of support from the partner and the lack of breastfeeding.

It should be understood by midwives and other health care providers that the postpartum mental disorders are only a part of short-term and long-term negative effects of cesarean deliveries worldwide.

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