RESEARCH PAPER
Skilled health attendants’ knowledge and practice of pain management during labour in health care facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria
 
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1
Department of Nursing, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
2
Oyo State College of Nursing and Midwifery, Ibadan, Nigeria
3
Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences & Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
Publish date: 2019-02-07
Submission date: 2018-05-29
Final revision date: 2018-10-05
Acceptance date: 2018-11-03
 
Eur J Midwifery 2019;3(February):3
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Skilled health attendants occupy an important position in the management of women’s pain during labour. Their professional goal is to ensure safety and minimum pain in labour. It has been revealed that nurse-midwives are deficient in knowledge and practice of pain management during labour. Hence, this study examined skilled health attendants’ knowledge and practice of pain management in health care facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Methods:
A cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 227 skilled health attendants, in the maternity units of the three purposively selected hospitals for 12 weeks. A structured questionnaire and observational check lists were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and significants level was set with p<0.05.

Results:
Results on respondents’ level of knowledge revealed that 6% had low knowledge, 40.5% moderate, and 56.8% had a high level. The majority, 79.7%, were registered nurse-midwives (RN/RM) and 90.1% employed reassurance for pain relief. No significant associations were found between respondents’ level of education and reassurance, exercise, allay of fear, use of drugs, and TENS (p>0.05). However, there were significant associations between respondents’ educational level and rubbing of back/ massage, position change, cold/warm bath, relaxation, and social support (p<0.05).

Conclusions:
It is recommended that seminars and workshops should be organized regularly and assessment tools should be supplied, to enhance effective pain assessment as this will provide adequate and holistic labour-pain management by nurse-midwives.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST:
Authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Beatrice Ohaeri   
Department of Nursing, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Ibadan, Nigeria
 
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