Models for midwifery care: A mapping review
Tine S. Eri 1  
Marie Berg 2, 3
Bente Dahl 4
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway
Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
The Obstretic Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
Centre for Women’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Kongsberg, Norway
Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland
Women´s Clinic, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland
Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark
Department of Research, University College South Denmark, Haderslev, Denmark
Tine S. Eri   

Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, Pilestredet 32, Oslo, Norway
Publication date: 2020-07-30
Submission date: 2020-04-22
Final revision date: 2020-06-04
Acceptance date: 2020-06-16
Eur J Midwifery 2020;4(July):30
According to WHO, midwives are found competent to provide evidencebased and normalcy-facilitating maternity care. Models for midwifery care exist, but seem to be lacking explicit epistemological status, mainly focusing on the practical and organizational level of care delivery. To make the values and attitudes of care visible, it is important to implement care models with explicit epistemological status. The aim of this paper is to identify and gain an overview of publications of theoretical models for midwifery care.

A mapping review was conducted with systematic searches in nine databases for studies describing a theoretical model or theory for midwifery care that either did or was intended to impact clinical practice. Eligibility criteria were refined during the selection process.

Six models from six papers originating from different parts of the world were included in the study. The included models were developed using different methodologies and had different philosophical underpinnings and complexity gradients. Some characteristics were common, the most distinctive being the emphasis of the midwife–woman relationship, secondly the focus on woman-centeredness, and thirdly the salutogenic focus in care.

Overall, scarcity exists regarding theoretical models for midwifery care with explicit epistemological status. Further research is needed in order to develop generic theoretical models with an epistemological status to serve as a knowledge base for midwifery healthcare.

The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
There was no source of funding for this research.
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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