RESEARCH PAPER
Knowledge and use of breast self-examination and mammogram among women of reproductive age in Oyo State Secretariat, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
 
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University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Beatrice Ohaeri   

University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Publish date: 2019-04-09
Submission date: 2018-10-17
Final revision date: 2019-03-15
Acceptance date: 2019-03-20
 
Eur J Midwifery 2019;3(April):7
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Breast cancer among women is an increasing public health issue. Early detection is the backbone of treatment thus reducing late presentation, morbidity and mortality. In this study, we explored knowledge and use of breast cancer screening among women of reproductive age in Oyo State Secretariat, Ibadan.

Methods:
Descriptive cross-sectional research design was employed to gather data from 204 female workers who consented through purposive sampling technique. A validated semi-structured questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.75 was used. Ethical protocols were duly followed. Data were analysed using frequencies, percentages and chisquared tests at significant level of 0.05 using the Statistical Package for Social Science version 20.

Results:
Most of the respondents (82.2%) had adequate knowledge of breast selfexamination (BSE) and mammogram, but there was a relatively lower level of utilization of these screening measures. Also, there were significant associations between knowledge, level of education and use of BSE and mammogram (p<0.05).

Conclusions:
In addition to educating women on BSE and mammogram, continuous efforts should be made through workshops and various media to emphasize the significance of practice. This could increase the use of the screening measures leading to a reduction in morbidity and mortality.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
There was no source of funding for this research.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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