RESEARCH PAPER
Assessing informed consent practices during normal vaginal delivery and immediate postpartum care in tertiary-level hospitals of Bangladesh
 
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1
BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2
icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3
UNICEF, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4
James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5
European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Md Abdul Karim   

BRAC, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Publish date: 2019-05-21
Submission date: 2019-03-07
Final revision date: 2019-04-24
Acceptance date: 2019-05-13
 
Eur J Midwifery 2019;3(May):10
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
This study was conducted to assess the informed consent practices during normal vaginal delivery (NVD) process and immediate postpartum care in the tertiary-level hospitals of Bangladesh.

Methods:
A cross-sectional study was conducted at Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) and Sir Salimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital (SSMCH) in November 2015. The study population and respondents were mothers who gave normal vaginal childbirth within the past 24 hours and received postpartum care in the study sites (N=190). The interview of every alternate mother from the patient register was conducted by researchers using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analysis of findings was carried out using MS Excel 2013.

Results:
The study findings revealed the complete absence of informed consent practices during NVD and postpartum care in the tertiary-level hospitals in Bangladesh. Consent (not informed consent) was taken from 95% of the mothers before proceeding with the NVD process, 50–72% of examinations (except breast examination, 0%) and 8–72% of procedures during postpartum care. Choice and preferences of mothers for taking an alternative process/examination/procedure were absent in all cases.

Conclusions:
The Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) Charter endorsed informed consent as one of the basic rights of child-bearing women. Absence of informed consent practices in the study sites indicates disrespect to maternity care and violation of this right. The Standard Clinical Management Protocols of Bangladesh also lacks clarification of this right. Improvement of the existing protocol, increased awareness and practices are essential to address protection of this right.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors thank the James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, for financial and administrative support, the authorities and service providers of both SSMC & MH and DMC & H, the mothers that participated in the study, and other individuals for their support to make the study successful.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
The study was conducted as part of the Master of Public Health (MPH) course of the James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University. So, this study was supported by that institution.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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